The coffee industry’s biggest competition: The story of the World Barista Championship


Every year, the global coffee industry gears up for one of its most exciting and groundbreaking competitions: the World Barista Championship. For more than two decades, the WBC has been one of the biggest catalysts for change and innovation in specialty coffee, and continues to set even higher standards for baristas around the world to aspire to reach.

More than 140 competitors from dozens of countries take part year after year – all of them hoping to achieve the coveted title of the World Barista Champion. And even if they don’t manage to claim the top spot, the competition’s global platform has the potential to kickstart a number of new career opportunities.

So how did the World Barista Championship become such a prestigious competition? And where could it be heading in the years to come? To find out, I spoke to Colin Smith, founding member and former president of the Specialty Coffee Association of Europe.

You may also like our article on whether the World Barista Championship needs to change.

Japanese competitor Hiroyuki Kadowaki at the 2005 World Barista Championship in Seattle, Washington, US.Japanese competitor Hiroyuki Kadowaki at the 2005 World Barista Championship in Seattle, Washington, US.

The WBC: The early days

As well as drawing in hundreds of international competitors, the World Barista Championship attracts significant crowds in the stands and around the stage – in addition to thousands of online spectators watching the live streamed footage. But it wasn’t always this way.

Colin is also the Managing Director of Smiths Coffee Company – a roaster established in 1936. He explains how the idea for the competition first came about.

“We started the Specialty Coffee Association of Europe (SCAE) in 1998 to spread the word and encourage more people to become involved in specialty coffee in Europe,” he tells me. In 2017, the SCAE merged with the Specialty Coffee Association of America (SCAA) to become the Specialty Coffee Association – and represent industry professionals the world over. 

“Since some of the bigger chains – like Costa, Starbucks, and Caffè Nero – were becoming more popular in Europe, we believed that establishing the association would be the best way to educate people,” he adds. “And because these chains sell espresso-based drinks, we thought we could capitalise on growing interest by launching the Barista World Championship – as it was called at the time.”

The idea for the competition, however, was not new. In 1998, industry legend Alf Kramer (former president of the SCAE and a pioneering figure in the Scandinavian coffee sector) organised the first-ever Nordic Barista Championship. This set the precedent for the international competition.

“We held the first World Barista Championship in Monte Carlo, Monaco in 2000,” Colin tells me. “It was a small gathering of about 500 people and around 17 competitors in a small corner of a convention centre.”

The first-ever World Barista Championship

In comparison to the 2023 World Barista Championship – which took place at World of Coffee Athens – the first edition of the competition was a more humble affair.

“Competitors from different countries came and ran stands to promote their coffee products, but it wasn’t anything like it is today,” Colin says. “The espresso machines were fitted with mirrors so the spectators could see what was happening. 

“There were 14 competitors who all had 15 minutes to prepare three types of beverages: four espressos, four cappuccinos, and four signature beverages,” he adds.

Today, WBC competitors are still required to prepare the same number of drinks – although the cappuccino is now a “milk beverage”.

“The judges assessed creativity, technical skills, and the barista’s presentation, as well as the appearance and the flavour of the drinks,” Colin says. “Each section included a score out of ten.”

While the judging format has largely remained the same, the rules and regulations are now much more expansive and defined than in previous years.

Norwegian competitor Robert William Thoresen was crowned the first-ever World Barista Champion – the first of six Scandinavian coffee professionals to win the first seven editions of the event.

Mcees at the 2023 World Barista Championship.Mcees at the 2023 World Barista Championship.

The competition continues to grow

In its 24 years of existence, the World Barista Championship has arguably become the industry’s biggest competition. Whether it’s major rule changes or new sponsors, the WBC continues to grow year after year.

“When the SCAE teamed up with the SCAA, the next competition was held in Miami, US in 2001,” Colin explains. “Scandinavian competitors were still dominating. There were 17 baristas this time, and Martin Hildebrandt from Denmark was the winner.

“In 2002, the event took place in Oslo, Norway,” he adds. “Baristas from 30 countries took part, including Korea and Poland. The following year, the WBC took place in Boston in the US – and was even broadcasted on national morning television to millions of people. 

“This was the first time that someone from outside Scandinavia won – with Australia’s Paul Bassett crowned the winner,” Colin continues.

Fast forward to 2006 and the competition had become much bigger than expected. This led to the formation of World Coffee Events – the organising body which still runs the World Barista Championship (along with six other World Coffee Championships) every year.

The first edition of the event held outside of the US and Europe was in Tokyo, Japan in 2007. Around 45 baristas took part, with the UK’s James Hoffmann claiming the world title. Following this, the WBC was hosted in more and more countries, including:

  • Colombia
  • Austria
  • Italy
  • Ireland
  • South Korea
  • The Netherlands
  • Australia
  • Greece

How did the WBC become so prestigious?

Although it’s faced its fair share of criticism in recent years, the World Barista Championship’s reputation as one of the most celebrated and respected coffee competitions is truly cemented. Without question, it has helped to raise standards in the industry and has pushed the boundaries of creativity and innovation in specialty coffee.

Some of the most well-known names in the global coffee sector have won the competition – including Klaus Thomsen, Tim Wendelboe, Pete Licata, Michael Phillips, and Hidenori Izaki. Many of these winners come from consuming countries, but a steadily growing number of baristas from producing countries such as El Salvador, Guatemala, Colombia, and Brazil have also taken the top spot.

Over the years, the World Barista Championship has certainly attracted a plethora of “coffee celebrities” and career competitors, which has undoubtedly served to strengthen the competition. At the same time, however, the WBC has been an incredibly beneficial platform for up and coming industry professionals to kickstart their careers.

One example of many is 2015 World Barista Champion Saša Šestić, who gained attention for using a rare variety in his routine: a carbonic macerated Sudan Rume. This then set a precedent for baristas to use more exclusive varieties (most notably Gesha) and unique experimentally processed coffees in their performances.

Another unforgettable moment at the WBC was when Polish competitor Agnieszka Rojewska became the first-ever woman to win in 2018 – helping to improve visibility of women in the industry and encourage more female baristas to participate.

Ugandan competitor at 2023 WBC.Ugandan competitor at 2023 WBC.

So what’s next?

As the coffee industry grows and evolves, it’s evident that World Coffee Events and the SCA also want the WBC to reflect these changes, too.

In 2022, one of the biggest amendments to the competition format was the inclusion of plant milks – a rule change which many in the industry had been requesting for some time. 

Although only a small number of people used plant milks at the 2023 competition, this could certainly change in the coming years – especially with Alpro becoming the first-ever qualified plant-based beverage sponsor.

Another noticeable shift in the competition has been a move towards lesser-known coffee species and varieties. In recent years, these have included eugenioides, Sidra, and Pink Bourbon, and we’re sure to see this trend continue at future WBC events. In turn, specialty coffee’s interest in rare varieties is likely to grow.

And with every World Barista Championship seems to come a new set of rules and regulations. While the updates for the 2024 competition seem relatively minor – especially in comparison to the plant milk rule – judging criteria and scoresheets will undoubtedly continue to change.

Benjamin Put performs at WoC Athens 2023.Benjamin Put performs at WoC Athens 2023.

With the 2024 World Barista Championship fast approaching, the industry will be watching as more than 140 dedicated coffee professionals showcase their skills, expertise, and talent on the global stage.

It’s not always easy to predict what will happen at the competition, but we’re sure to see it reflected in coffee shops and roasteries around the world.

Enjoyed this? Then read our article on whether the World Barista Championship is too exclusive and expensive for competitors.

Photo credits: Specialty Coffee Association, World Coffee Events

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